Guru GyaanAgroStar Agronomy Centre of Excellence
Termites in Horticultural Crops
The termites’ queen lives very deep in the soil. The emerging workers only damage the horticultural crops.
The termites live away from the light in soil and harm the roots system of plants and feed on organic matter in soil.
Termites make mud galleries on tree trunk, remaining in it and feed the bark/trunk surface.
It also enters into the middle portion of the tree trunk from the wounds present on trunk or from the broken twigs/branches and feed the internal matters.
Infested trees/plants periodically dry off.
Termites severely damage the orchard nurseries.
Destroy the termateria made by the termites from the boundaries of the orchard.
Deep ploughing of the orchard in summer to destroy the termites in the soil.
If intercrop is being undertaken in orchard, destroy the residues of crops after harvest.
Use only well decompose FYM. Better to use organic fertilizer made from the earthworms.
Apply neem or castor cake in the soil around the plants, which will protect against the termites.
Dig out the termateria made by the termites and pour chlorpyriphos 20 EC @ 250 ml per 10 lit of water which kill the all stages of termite’s viz., workers, soldiers, queen, etc.
Apply chlorpyriphos 20 EC @ 50 ml per 10 lit of water on new plantation. Drench the same around the seedlings in the soil. Repeat the same after 6 months also.
Cultivate the soil around the tree and reduce the interval between two irrigation in orchard.
Article Source : AgroStar Agronomy Center Excellence
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