Seed Treatment with Biofertiliser in Cereal
Organic FarmingKVK Mokokchung, Nagaland
Seed Treatment with Biofertiliser in Cereal
Bio-fertilisers are carrier-based preparations containing effective strains of microorganisms such as Bacteria, Fungi, and Algae along or in combination in sufficient numbers when incorporated with seeds, seedlings, and soils to provide nutrients to the plant through microbial activity.
Biofertilisers Azotobacter, Azospirillum, Phosphotika Cereals Major Cereal: Paddy, Wheat, Maize Minor Cereal Barley, Oats, Millets, Sorghum, etc. Methods of Application Seed Treatment: Suspend 200 gm of Azotobacter or Azospirillum + 200 gm of Phosphotika in 300-400 ml of water and mix thoroughly. Mix this with 10-12 kg of seeds by hands till all the seeds are uniformly coated. Dry the coated seeds in shade and sow immediately. Seedling Root Dip Treatment: Mix 1 kg Azotobacter and 1 kg Phosphotika in sufficient quantity of water and dip the roots of seedlings to be transplanted in 1 acre in this suspension for 30 minutes or more and transplanted immediately. In case of paddy (low land), prepare a small seedbed in field and fill with 3-4 inches of water. Put 2 kg of Azospirillum + 2 kg Phosphotika in this water and mix well. Dip the roots of seedling to be planted in 1 acre in this suspension for 8-12 hours (overnight) and should be transplanted. Benefits •Increase crop yield by 20-30%. •Replace chemical fertilisers by 25%. •Restore natural fertility. •Provide plant nutrients at very low cost. •Have no harmful effects on soil fertility and plant growth. •Speed up seed germination, flowering and maturity in crop. •Helps in recycling/decomposition of organic waste. •Provide residual effects for subsequent crops. •Pollution free and eco-friendly. Precautions •Store bio-fertilisers in cool and dry place. •Open the packets just before use and all its content be used at one time. •Bio-fertilisers treated seed should not be mixed with chemical fertilisers, pesticides, and insecticides. •If seeds are to be treated with fungicides, treat the seeds first, then with double the recommended dose of bio-fertilisers. •Seed treatment and mixing of bio-fertilisers with compost should be done in the shade. •Used of bio-fertiliser is being emphasized along with chemical fertilisers and organic manures. Bio-fertilisers are not replacement of chemical fertilisers but can supplement their requirements. Source: KVK Mokokchung, Nagaland If you find this information useful, click on the yellow thumbs up sign under the photo and also share this with your farmer friends using the options given below.
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