Advisory ArticleAgroStar Agronomy Centre of Excellence
Orchard management in Mango
General care and maintenance
Mango trees are easy to maintain once established.
They are tolerant of drought but will perform best if irrigated during dry spell.
Mango planted in the home garden does not generally require regular fertilization. if leaves are beginning to look pale or yellow, a balanced fertilizer may be applied once or twice every year.
When grown commercially, mango trees require regular pruning to open up the canopy.
Pruning keep the canopy at a manageable size and promotes good air circulation around the leaves and fruit, reducing the incidence of disease.
Mango fruits are usually ready for harvest 4-5 months after flowering.
Fruits that are ready for harvesting will snap easily from the tree. If the fruit does not dislodge with a slight pull then it is not fully mature and should be left to ripen fully.
Fruits can be harvested by hand or, in commercial plantations, with the aid of special fruit picking devices. Mango fruit is delicate and easily bruised and must be handled carefully.
Mango sap is very caustic and additional care must be taken during harvest to prevent sap coming into contact with the skin of the fruit or it will result in dark blemishes.
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