Advisory ArticleAgroStar Agronomy Centre of Excellence
Gram Production through Scientific Technique
Gram cultivation in India is mainly conducted out in Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Rajasthan and Bihar. Approximately 90% of the total gram area of the country and roughly 92% of the total output is produced from these states.
Climate: Gram is a cold and dry climate crop. A temperature of 24–30°C is considered suitable for
Soil: Light loam or loam soil is good for gram cultivation._x000D_
Preparation of Field: There is no need to make the soil of the field too fine or friable for the gram. The field should be levelled by ploughing 2-3 times while preparing the field for sowing._x000D_
Sowing Time: Generally, the best time to sow grams is between 15 October and 15 November._x000D_
Seed Rate: The amount of gram of seed depends on the size of the crop, the method of sowing, and the fertility of the soil. 30 kg/acre of native small grain varieties 35 kg/acre of medium grain varieties and 40 kg/acre of large grain varieties should be sown._x000D_
Seed Treatment: Treat seeds with Thyram 2 gram + Carbendazim 1 gram per kg of seed or treat Trichoderma 4 gram + Betavax 2 gram kg of seed to avoid root rot disease._x000D_
Manures and Fertilisers: In order to obtain a good yield of gram, 50 kg of DAP, 15 kg of Murate of Potash per acre should be given at the time of sowing._x000D_
Irrigation: Gram usually requires one or two irrigations; excessive irrigation may reduce plant growth and development. First irrigation should be performed between 40-45 days after sowing and another 60-65 days after sowing._x000D_
Inter-cultivation : After thirty days of sowing , nipping operation should be done, which allows the growth of more branches and flowers._x000D_
Source: AgroStar Agronomy Centre Excellence
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