Advisory ArticleKrishi Sandesh
Cultivation Practices for Ultra High Density Plantation in Mango
Mango can be grown in a wide range of soils except clayey or extremely sandy or rocky calcareous, alkaline or water logged soils. It prefers a soil with pH 6.5 to 7.5. Under UHDP, mango is planted at 3×2 m, which accommodates 674 plants per acre.
Pit should be marked at 3×2 m before pit digging and pits of 1×1×1m are to be dug at marked places. Alternatively, one meter deep, and one-meter wide trench can be prepared at every three mater. The pits should be allowed to weather for some weeks before filling media.
The media consist of 40-50 kg soil, 0.5 -1.0 kg SSP, 0.25 kg neem cake, 20 kg compost, and 10-15 g of Thimet. Plantation is to be raised by using grafted sapling. Epicotyl grafting is recommended for UHDP as the training of the tree starts at a very early stage itself. The bamboo support essential to newly planted grafts. The critical components of UHDP technology are the management of inputs: irrigation and fertilizer and besides the canopy management. These two inputs are provided through drip irrigation systems.
Mango Varieties Suitable for Ultra High Density Plantation:
These are varieties, which are planted for ultra-high density planting state wise given below;
Andhra Pradesh:- Alphonso, Alampur, Baneshan, Totapuri
Bihar:- Bombai, Himsagar, Langra, Chausa
Gujarat:- Alphonso, Kesar
Karnataka:- Alphonso, Bangalora, Neelum, Mallika
Tamil Nadu:- Alphonso, Banganapalli, Neelum
Uttar Pradesh:- Bombay green, Dashehari, Langra,
Maharashtra:- Alphonso, Kesar, Ratna
Source: Krishi Sandesh
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