Organic FarmingAgroStar Agronomy Centre of Excellence
Tobacco Decoction Preparation at Home: Botanical Insecticide
• Synthetic insecticides are directly used to control insect pests and invite several problems.
• Pest population can be reduced if we spray the homemade pesticides on the initiation of insect pests in fields.
• No adverse effect on the population of natural enemies while using these kinds of homemade insecticides; also, help maintain the environment healthy.
• For the purpose, spray the tobacco decoction and reduce insect pests’ population.
• Let us see, how to prepare this tobacco decoction.
• Tobacco decoction can be made in two ways:
• 1. Tobacco decoction- by hot water treatment:
• Collect 1 kg of tobacco leaf powder/ dust and sock in 10 litres of water overnight.
• Next day morning, boil it at 60 to 70 degree C temperature of about one hour. While boiling, maintain 10 litres quantity by adding water. The stock solution becomes dark coffee colour.
• Filter it with a muslin cloth and add 200 g soap powder or any washing detergent powder. In this stock solution, add more 4-5 times additional water and this quantity is ready for spray.
• 2. Tobacco decoction- by cold water treatment:
• Follow the same method as described above but do not boil at any stage.
• Caution: If you do not want to spray on the day of preparation, do not add additional water or soap or washing detergent powder in stock solution. Keep this stock solution in an air-tight container. Spray it in the morning or evening hours after wearing proper protective cloths. Further, keep your mouth closed with wet-cloth. The person should not be engaged if he had a problem with tobacco toxicity. While any sedating effect, stop immediately the spraying work.
• For which insect pests: This tobacco decoction can control the soft-bodied insect pests viz., aphid, jassids, whitefly, thrips, mites, mealybugs like sucking pests and the initial stages of leaf-eating caterpillars viz., tobacco leaf eating caterpillar, Helicoverpa, leaf folder, hairy caterpillars etc.
Source - AgroStar Agronomy Center of Excellence
Video Source: digitalgreenorg
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