Advisory ArticleAgroStar Agronomy Centre of Excellence
Potato Farming through Scientific Technique
Potato crop yields more production per unit area than other crops and yields are also higher per hectare. Potato is the fourth-largest production after rice, wheat and sugarcane.
Potato is a temperate crop of climate. In particular, for effective farming, the daytime temperature should be between 25 and 30 °C and the night temperature between 4 and 15°C during the harvest period. At temperatures of more than 30°C, the growth of potato stops totally.
Soil and its Management:
Potato crop can be cultivated in a variety of soil types with pH between 6 and 8, especially sandy loam and loam are suitable for proper drainage. Perform 3-4 ploughing disks with a harrow or a cultivator. At present, the preparation of the field with the rotavator is also fast and good.
Generally, early sowing should be done from mid-September to the first week of October, sowing of the main crop should be done after mid-October.
Kufri Chipsona-1, Kufri Chipsona-2, Kufri Giriraj, Kufri Anand are significant varieties.
As per soil testing or at a rate of 25 kg of zinc sulphate and 50 kg of ferrous sulphate per hectare, it should be used in low-lying areas prior to sowing. If green manure is not used, the use of 15-30 tonnes per hectare of rotten cow dung increases the amount of bacterial substance.
7-10 irrigation is needed for proper crop growth and development and effective yield. If the potatoes have not been harvested before sowing, light irrigation should happen within 2-3 days of sowing.
Source: AgroStar Agronomy Centre Excellence
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