Guru GyaanAgroStar Agronomy Centre of Excellence
Pest Management in Drumstick
The cultivation of drumstick is highly economical to the farmers. However, some insect pests infest the crop. Mainly, leaf miner cum web constructing larvae, bud borer, sucking pests (whitefly, scale insects, thrips, and aphid), and bark eating caterpillar, stem borer and pod fly cause damage to the crop. Amongst these, leaf miner larvae infest drumstick crop the most.
Integrated Management (IPM)
• Install a light trap in the field.
• At the very beginning of pest infestation, we can control both sucking pest and caterpillar infestation by spraying Neem seed kernel suspension 5% (500 g) or neem based formulations @ 10 ml (1% EC) to 40 ml (0.15% EC). We can also use bio pesticides such as, Verticillium lacani or Bouveria bassiana, fungal-based powder @ 40 g per 10 litre of water.
• Collect the fallen and infested pods regularly and buried them in the soil.
• Periodically collect and destroy all the fallen and damaged fruits by dumping in a pit and covering with a thick layer of soil to prevent carry-over of the pod fly.
• To reduce the infestation of pod fly, spray neem based formulations mentioned above first during the pod formation stage, and again after 35 days.
Dr. T. M. Bharpoda,
Ex. Professor of Entomology,
B. A. College of Agriculture, Anand Agricultural University, Anand- 388 110 (Gujarat India)
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