Guru GyaanAgroStar Agronomy Centre of Excellence
Integrated Pest Management of pod borer in pulses
A major pest of Red gram and other legume crops (Cowpea, Green gram, Black gram), Broad leaf, cultivation of medium and local varieties, weather condition, breeding habits close flowering are responsible for outbreak of the Maruca sp . It also causes damage to green gram, black gram, lab-lab and on the leaves of Daincha a green manure this spotted pod borer larvae make webbing of flowers, buds and developing pods and feeds the developing grains inside pod. Maruca sp is both a foliage feeder and pod borer.
At initial stage, spray Neem seed kernel extract 500 g (5%), or Neem oil @ 50 ml or readymade Neem formulation @ 10 ml (1% EC) to 40 ml (0.15% EC) per 10 liter of water.
On need base, spray Triazophos 40% + cypermethrin 4% EC @ 10 ml or Lufenuron 5.4% EC @ 10 ml or Thiodicarb 75 WP @ 10 g or Chlorantraniliprole 18.5 SC @ 3 ml per 10 liter of water.
In cowpea & black gram, spray Emamactin benzoate 5 WG @ 5 g or Flubendiamide 39.35% M/M SC @ 2 ml or Chlorantraniliprole 18.5 SC @ 3 ml per 10 liter of water.
In Pigeon pea, spray Indoxacarb 14.5 SC @ 3.5 ml or Emamactin benzoate 5 SG @ 3 g per 10 liter of water at flowering on 50% plants and second after 7 days.
In Green gram, spray Chlorantraniliprole 18.5 SC @ 3 ml or Flubendiamide 39.35% M/M SC @ 2 ml per 10 liter of water after 50% flowering in crops.
Change the insecticides at each spray.
This pest naturally control by larval parasitoid, Bassus relativus conserve in the crop ecosystem them.
Dr. T. M. Bharpoda,
Ex. Professor of Entomology,
B. A. College of Agriculture, Anand Agricultural University, Anand- 388 110 (Gujarat India)
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