Guru GyaanAgroStar Agronomy Centre of Excellence
Integrated Pest Management of Brinjal Shoot & Fruit Borer
• Shoot and fruit borer is the most destructive brinjal pest. Brinjal shoot and fruit borer larva feeds into the petioles and tender shoots. It results in withering leaves and shedding flower buds.
• Caterpillars cause severe damage to the growing fruits as they tunnel inside the fruits. A single caterpillar can destroy as many as 4-6 fruits. Damaged fruits show holes in the circular exit.
• The entry holes on the brinjal fruit can also be seen plugged with excreta, making the fruit inappropriate for consumption.
Integrated Pest Management:_x005F_x000D_
• Continuous cropping or ratooning may be avoided. _x005F_x000D_
• Adjust the planting time by transplanting until the fourth week of June. _x005F_x000D_
• Clipping the shoot at weekly intervals. Collect and destroy the affected fruit and shoots._x005F_x000D_
• Install 10-15 Vota traps per acres. _x005F_x000D_
• Monitor parasite activity and initially use botanical insecticides._x005F_x000D_
• Along with the cow-urine @ 20%, spray extracts of Neem leaves, Custard apple, Lantana camera, etc. @ 10%. _x005F_x000D_
Chemical Control Measures:_x005F_x000D_
• Chlorantraniliprole 18.5 SC @ 4 ml or Thiacloprid 21.7 SC @ 10 ml or Emamactin Benzoate 5 WG @ 4 g or Thiodicarb 75 WP @ 10 g. _x005F_x000D_
• Lambda Cyhalothrin 5 EC @ 5 ml or Thiameton 25 EC @ 10 ml or Beta Cyfluthrin 8.49% + Imidacloprid 19.81 OD @ 4 ml._x005F_x000D_
• Change the insecticide at each spray._x005F_x000D_
• Destroy the crop residues after harvesting. _x005F_x000D_
Dr. T. M. Bharpoda,
Ex. Professor of Entomology,
B. A. College of Agriculture, Anand Agricultural University, Anand- 388 110 (Gujarat India)
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