Animal HusbandryNDDB
Importance of Primary and Micro Minerals Mixtures in Cattle Diet
Dairy cattle require large quantity of mineral components in their diet for normal physical growth, development, and reproduction. The mineral elements required in large amounts are known as the primary mineral elements and those minimally required are micro mineral mixtures. The main mineral elements include calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, potassium, sodium, chlorine, and sulfur, and micro-mineral mixtures include iron, zinc, manganese, copper, iodine, cobalt, and selenium. Important of mineral elements Calcium: • Required for milk production • Mandatory for bones and teeth development • Required for muscles flexibility Phosphorus: • Provides adequate energy to the body Magnesium: • Essential for carbohydrates and absorption process and protein formation Copper: • Essential for hemoglobin formation • Aids in providing colour to tissues and is essential for the composition of several enzymes • Necessary for reproduction Zinc: • Essential for sperm formation and development of primary and other sex organs • Essential for normal functioning of skin cells Manganese: • Essential in the formation of carbohydrates in the body. • Essential for the formation of fatty acids Iodine: • Required for the formation of thyroid hormone • Essential for the breeding and development of livestock Cobalt: • Required for the formation of vitamin B12 by rumen bacteria • Essential for hemoglobin formation Source: NDDB
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