Advisory ArticleAgroStar Agronomy Centre of Excellence
How to grow virus-free hot pepper
The most difficult problem in growing hot pepper and tomato is the viral disease of leaf curling. If you want to get a bumper production and more profit then the only solution is to keep the crop away from these problems.The most important thing is that no chemical or medicine is available for the control of viral diseases. So the only thing in our hand is, not to let the crop be affected by the disease and take preventive measures.
Here, we will see in detail what measures can be taken for preventing diseases and for integrated control.
As far as possible, a variety tolerant to pest and diseases should be selected. The seeds should be immersed in Imida solution for 30 minutes and only then planted. You should try to create saplings in the tray. If it is not possible to do so, then create raised beds of 1 meter width, and 15 to 20 cms height in well prepared soil. Plants should be planted on them. In the raised beds, along with FYM, insecticide powder (Chloro or Carbofuron 100 gms), fungicide (Saaf 50 gms) and 19:19:19 (500 gms) should be mixed and applied to soil before sowing the seeds.
When the plant gets two leaves, (in tray and in the raised beds, both) the nozzle of the pump should be removed and drenching should be done. For drenching,10 ml Imida per pump plus 30 gms Saaf and 20 gms Humic should be mixed together. Also, in the growth stage of the plants, Chelated Zinc should be sprayed once and Chelated micro nutrients should be sprayed once.
The area of the nursery should be clean and should be on a height. A structure should be created with the help of bamboo around the saplings and a fence should be created with insect net or shade net. This will ensure that sucking pests do not attack the saplings.
Management after saplings are transplanted:
When the saplings are properly aged i.e. when hot pepper saplings are 35 days old and tomato saplings are 25 days old, they should be transplanted. If the saplings are of more or less age than this, they do not grow vigorously and are also attacked by the pest and diseases.
The saplings should be transplanted in the evening and then should be watered in the morning only. After 3-5 days of transplanting, nozzle of the pump should be removed and then first drenching should be done. For drenching, along with 500 gms Saaf or Ridomil Gold, 250 gms Actra, 500 gms Humic and 2 kgs 19:19:19, should be added to 200 liters of water. With this drenching, sucking pest will be prevented and the saplings will grow vigorously.
When the saplings start growing, immediately yellow and blue traps should be installed. This will ensure that pests are prevented and the control becomes easy.
When cultivating, the use of fertilizers should be balanced i.e. along with organic fertilizers and Nitrogen, Phosphorus and Potash, it is necessary to give all nutrients (Magnesium, Calcium, Sulfur, Zinc, Ferrous, Boron etc.) in basal dose. Along with them, Chelated micro nutrients should be sprayed superficially. Fertilizers having Nitrogen should kept limited so that the leaves become thin and they are not vulnerable to the pest-diseases.
Water should be given by judging the Wafsa situation.The saplings should be kept strong and pesticides should be sprayed from time to time and saplings should be nurtured.
For controlling pest, neem extract 20-30 ml/pump, Imida 10 ml/pump, Manik 60 gm/care, Regent 20 ml/pump, Tracer 75 ml/acre, Lancer Gold 30 gm/pump, Ulala 6-8 gm/pump should be sprayed alternately so that all sucking pests are controlled.
As mentioned above, using integrated pest-diseases control, we can prevent leaf curling virus and the crop will be vigorous. For more information, give a missed call to 1800 3000 7345 and get detailed information from agri experts.
AgroStar Agronomy Center Excellence