AgroStar Krishi Gyaan
10 Jun 19, 10:00 AM
Aloe Vera Cultivation and its Cosmetic Value Additions
Aloe Vera is a medicinal crop that is used externally to treat various skin conditions such as cuts, burns, etc. It is also commonly used to treat first- and second-degree burns as well as sunburns. It can also be used as a hair styling gel and works particularly well for curly or frizzy hair. Aloe Vera has been marketed as a remedy for coughs, wounds, ulcers, gastritis, diabetes, cancer, headaches, arthritis, deficiencies of the immune system and many other conditions when taken internally.
Aloe Vera Cultivation Practices:
Aloe Vera requires well drained loam to coarse sandy loam soils with moderate fertility, and pH up to 8.5 is preferred for commercial cultivation.
2. Land preparation:
Depending on the type of soil and the agro-climatic condition, 1-2 ploughing is mandatory followed by land leveling. Appropriate plot size for Aloe Vera is 10-15 m / 3 m considering the available slope and source of irrigation.
Root suckers or rhizome cuttings propagate it.
4. Planting Time:
Suckers should be planted in July–August during the monsoon to achieve better field survival and good plant growth. Aloe Vera should be planted during the winter months of November–February.
During the first year of plantation, at the time of land preparation, FYM @20t/ha is applied and the same is continued in subsequent years. It can also be applied besides vermicompost @2.5 tones/ha.
6. Spacing and Planting:
Suckers are planted at 60x60 cm apart in approximately 15 cm deep pits made at the time of planting. The soil around the root zone must be made properly after sucker planting to avoid water stagnation.
Aloe Vera can be cultivated successfully under both irrigated and rainfed conditions.
Cosmetic Values of Aloe Vera:
Aloe Vera stimulates the production of collagen and elastin that prevents skin aging.
It is used for beauty purposes in soaps, shampoos, creams, and lotions.
The gel lightens the dark spots on the face and reduces the pigmentation intensity.
When applied topically, the gel acts as the best moisturizer to remove dead skin cells and rejuvenate the skin.
Also, the damaged hair can be conditioned when mixed with Aloe Vera gel and lime juice. This mixture should be applied to the hair after shampooing, leave for 4-5 minutes, and rinse thoroughly with water.
It hastens the repair of the skin and hydrates it, resulting in a healthy and glowing skin.
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