Guru GyaanAgroStar Agronomy Centre of Excellence
Fruit Fly Damage and Management in Summer Watermelon and Muskmelon
Female adult lays eggs under the rind of developing fruits by puncturing it.
The emerging yellowish-whitish maggot feeds on its pulp.
Small damaged fruits fall on soil surface.
Rotting take place in-side on developed infested fruits and fall down.
Fruits become D-shaped.
Watery juice comes out from its puncture and later turns solidified and appears like brownish gum.
Quality deteriorates and affects market price.
Unless taken care of, up to 100% damage can occur.
Fruit flies are more active during warm environment.
Collect damaged fruits periodically and bury them in soil.
Keep neat and clean field.
Raise one or two rows of maize around the field and spray insecticides periodically.
For control of adult fruit fly, dissolve 450 g jaggery in 10 lit of water and keep it for 24 hrs. Add 10 ml DDVP and do coarse spray on crop once a week from the beginning of flowering.
Install “Cue lure trap” @ 8-10 per acre at one meter above crop canopy to attract & kill the male fruit fly.
Collect & destroy the attracted flies, twice in a week from the traps.
Such traps are effective throughout the crop period, do not replace further.
Install traps in an equal distance to each other in field.
If traps are installed with the help of wooden poles, takes care about termites.
Traps should not be too lean as they can fall due to air or wind.
Be careful about the trap’s damage caused by dogs or other animals.
Video Source: vaibhav jamma MACL SOLAPUR
Article Source : AgroStar Agronomy Center Excellence
If you found this information useful, don’t forget to Like and Share it with your farmer friends.